Appleton, J.R.

Affirmative Action and the Academy: An Unsettling Issue

Affirmative action, and the means by which our society must respond to it in the years approaching the 21 st century, is a divisive and difficult subject. Society is segregated by the issue as a result of political perspective, personal experience, and ethnicity. This selection discusses the pros and cons of affirmative action, while addressing whether or not modification or elimination should occur.


Appleton, J.R.

Lessons from a University Student Affairs’ Administrator Drawn from the ‘60’s and ’70’s

This selection follows a student affairs’ administrator at Oakland University in Rochester, Michigan during the years of 1969 to 1972. This was a time of substantial social and personal value changes, many concerning the issues of higher education. As campuses nationwide became centers for protest and activity, student affairs officials were forced to address difficult and controversial issues. The administrators of this era played a significant role in assisting the institutions to endure protests and make appropriate changes.


Baldwin, R.C.

The Power of Volunteers

This selection’s main purpose is twofold: to praise volunteers for their willingness to lend a helping-hand, and to point out the powerful impression that voluntarism leaves on society. Volunteers and non-profit organizations have grown in number over the years. In turn, the issues and problems in which these organizations are able to aid and assist are also increased. The power of voluntarism considerably improves the quality of life within a community. http://www.redlandsfortnightly.org/papers/baldwn00.htm


Baldwin, R.C

Mandatory Voluntarism

In Present Bush’s State of the Union Address last January, he called on all American citizens to devote at least two years of their lives to voluntarism. Though this act of humanity was only encouraged, not required, one can’t help but wonder if this thought could introduce the idea of mandatory voluntarism. Since September 11, America has seen an escalation in volunteers and volunteer organizations. Aiding others both at home and abroad, can be enlightening for the individual as well as humanity as a whole; the question remains – should voluntary efforts be enforced by the government?

Bauer, Dale

It is a Great Prospect: Stewardship of the Friends of Prospect Park – 1968-2000

This paper reviews the establishment of Redland’s Prospect Park and the interaction of the community within its vicinity. The history is documented by a sequence of newspaper articles, beginning on August 9, 1968, when the area of land was named as a City of Redlands park.


Bauer, Dale

I Built That Building in Redlands

There are numerous buildings and establishments within Redlands that the public has come to admire because of certain features – such as the beauty or activities which they provide. This paper interviews nine individuals who have contributed a hands-on effort in the design or construction of certain architectural projects. The individuals’ backgrounds and connections to their projects are explored, as well as the benefits, if any, which they have acquired due to their work.http://www.redlandsfortnightly.org/papers/Bauer03.htm


Britt, Rex L.

Ride the Big Red Cars to Redlands

This paper discusses how the electric rail car line, which ran from San Bernardino/Riverside to Redlands in the first few decades of the 20 th century, strongly influenced the placement of many community establishments such as churches, businesses and homes. In 1936, the rail system was discontinued and replaced by buses. During the time of the railway, Redlands was known as a tourist destination, and its residents were provided with sufficient access to Los Angeles.


Burgess, L.E.

The Centennial of the A. K. Smiley Public Library Building: Where the Past Looks to the Future

This paper focuses on the background of Albert K. Smiley’s contribution to the city of Redlands in the form of a public library. Smiley led a movement in Redlands to pass an initiative for the construction of a municipal library in 1893. Although the country was in the midst of the greatest depression in US history, the citizens of Redlands overwhelmingly voted in favor of the library’s construction.
http://www.redlandsfortnightly.org/papers/aks_cent.ht m


Burgess, L.E.

City’s Image Comes Hard

This paper discusses the people and events that have shaped the city of Redlands over the years of its growth. The history preceding this town has imparted a particular image of the community at this present time.


Burgess, R.L.

 Redlands Powers the World – How the San Bernardino Valley Developed Modern Electric Power First.

In the early 1890’s, while the dominant electric companies fought over the emerging electric power standards and raced to invent the final components, a small community in San Bernardino Valley, managed to engineer and build the first commercially viable plant in the United States, and possibly the world. From Mill Creek No. 1 the first modern power standards would emerge-the ones basically still used today 114 years later.

This paper summarizes an interesting local Redlands account of these events by Serpio Craig’s Citrograph newspaper, enhanced by other historical notes about the complex events that lead to Mill Creek No. 1 becoming the very first commercial power generation plant.


Burgess, R.L.

 Accessing Knowledge From Clay Tablets to Google

This article focuses on the day-to-day knowledge which mankind has acquired in order to survive, and the methods in which that knowledge is retained. Knowledge is synonymous with power throughout the world. As humanity’s search for knowledge increases, so does the complexity of methods of knowledge-control. From the first libraries and records of knowledge, to modern day PCs, man continues to search for the most efficient means of knowledge retention.


Cunningham, William

Ostrich in Crisis

This selection compares weather and climate to natural disasters such as fire and flood. Throughout history, man has attempted to discover connections between the earth’s past climatic changes and those which may occur in the future. Human activity may play a large role in the effects of climate, such as major issues like global warming.


Cunningham, William

And He is Us

This article summarizes key events and governmental decisions that have affected the City of Redlands over the last forty years. These events and decisions have brought on a number of changes, which may or may not have had a positive effect on the city’s future.


Cunningham, William

The Almost “Hole” Story

This paper discusses the controversy over the “Donut Hole” region located north of Redlands. A chronology of the events, key players, and conflicts are presented regarding the development of this area, including the landowners, state legislature, the City of Redlands and its citizens, and neighboring cities.


Fallows, J.A.

The Quest of Fortnightly Biographies

This selection documents the search for the biographies of past Fortnightly members. The Fortnightly Club of Redlands has met continuously since 1895. This article describes the search for knowledge by the various backgrounds of the club’s members. The final gathered information was submitted to the A.K. Smiley Public Library, located in downtown Redlands.


Fallows, J.A.

Redlands in 1895 – The Year of Fortnightly Club’s Beginnings

This article describes the City of Redland’s society and culture in 1895, including the arts, education, and government.


Fallows, J.A.

Plymouth Village Insights

Insight into Plymouth Village’s housing development. Some key aspects are described such as security, healthcare, supportive services, living spaces, activities, and governance. Also included is a brief history of Plymouth Village.


Fawcett, W.K.

The Redlands Symphony Orchestra – A Cultural Jewel

This article praises the Redlands Symphony Orchestra and its directors, discussing the beginnings and growth of the organization. The Symphony works very closely with the University of Redlands’ School of Music. The symphony is held by very high regard by the citizens, and nearly every concert held at the University’s Memorial Chapel is a sold-out event.


Halsey, C.

Another Patron Saint? Presenting Grace Stewart Mullen

This selection outlines Grace Mullen’s life in Redlands as a philanthropist. With a passion for music and the arts, and a strong interest in the Hollywood Bowl in Los Angeles, Grace rallied funding and initiative for the construction of the historic Redlands Bowl.


Halsey, C.

Grace Mullen and the Prosellis

This article describes how the Prosellis in Redlands was developed and who aided in the process. Grace Mullen, Clarence G. White, and the designer, Herbert J. Powell had an immense impact on the development of the structure, which their gift to the Redlands community.


Halsey, C.

Redlands Bowl and They Also Served

This paper pays homage to those individuals and organizations who, along with Grace S Mullen, aided in the development and support of the Redlands Bowl.


Hill, H.M

A Biographical Sketch of S.Stillman Berry, Ph.D.

This article outlines S. Stillman Berry’s life and his association with Redlands Fortnightly Club. A description of Stillman’s life, ranch, and his fortnightly papers are presented.


Hill, H.M

When Redlands Was A Hunter’s Town & Tales of Local Nimrods

This selection documents the atmosphere of Redlands in the first three decades of the 1900s, and the popularity of sport hunting during this era. Why, how, and what people of this time were hunting is described, as well as the impact that this had upon geographic locations, as well as the gun culture of the area.


Jensen, A.M.

Rotary International’s Polio Plus: Working With The U.N. World Health Organization

This paper describes the polio epidemic throughout the world and Rotary International’s influence in the raising of funds to support worldwide control and vaccination of the devastating disease.


Knight, R.M.

Conquest of the Land

Conquest of the Land

This article gives insight as to why certain areas of land in this country are continuously agriculturally productive, when others, once thought to be fertile and agriculturally rich, have become arid and otherwise useless.


Momyer, George R.

3 Indian Tribes of Southern California, November 1938

This paper describes life among Indian tribes inhabiting Southern California when the white man first arrived. Insight into how these tribes began to dwindle in population and their subsequent relocated is presented.


Nelson, L.E

Some Unrecognized Shrines in Redlands

This selection suggests that there are surprisingly many unrecognizable ‘shrines’ throughout Redlands. The author dictates what exactly classifies these structures as shrines, and just why they are held to be ‘holy’ in society.


Nelson, L.E

Streets in Redlands

This article describes how Redlands first grew as a community and discusses the history of the street names that still remain in the city.


Nelson, L.E

Fortnightly in Redlands

This selection documents the one thousandth regular paper presented by the Fortnightly Club. Throughout the existence of the club, a tremendous amount of knowledge and insight have been presented on a bi-weekly basis. This paper describes how the Redlands Fortnightly Club was formed.


Reid, Albert R.

Eighteen Weeks from Oleander to Ceanothus

This paper describes the University of California Cooperative Extension Master Gardener Program through the eyes of a Master Gardener Trainee. The leadership team, initial orientation, text, schedule, classes, and resources used are described as two trainees progress through the program. Some specific descriptions of subjects taught and their underlying principles are included. Positive benefits of the program to both individuals and the community at large are also discussed.


Shell, E.E.

Train Tracks to Heaven: Railroad Metaphors for Religious Teaching

This paper describes how trains and other railroad metaphors are often used in religious teaching and songs or hymns. The author presents some interesting metaphors and history regarding religious teaching and methods.


Smith, G.A.

San Bernardino County Museum Satellites

This article describes how and why the San Bernardino County Museum has acquired satellite locations. Many people and organizations have contributed greatly to the museum in order to makes the acquisition of satellite programs a possibility.


Spiller, Steve

Mary Kimberly Shirk: the Reality of Her Vision

This selection illustrates the history behind the Kimberly Crest Estate in Redlands. Mary Kimberly Shirk’s influences and contributions to the estate, as well as to the Redlands community, are portrayed.


Stuck, Monte L.

Redlands Architect: Leon Hines Armantrout

This selection illustrates the history behind the Redlands architect, Leon Hines Armantrout. Leon Armantrout, since his arrival in Redlands in 1960, has designed a great variety of structures and has been a leading proponent of building rehabilitation, structural preservation and conservation.


Taylor, W.L.

The Great California Flood of 1862

In 1860 California had been a state for 10 years. The state hired an excellent team of men from Yale, including Josiah Whitney and William Brewer, for a long term in-depth investigation of the state’s resources. They were just two years into their studies when the great flood of 1862 bankrupt the state, and soon thereafter terminated their lofty project. A fourth of the state’s economy was destroyed. 



Tillitt, H.E.

405 Thursday Coffees in Redlands

This entry documents events and times of the Thursday Morning Coffee Open Houses held by Sylvia and Harley Tillitt, from 1981 to 1994. The author reveals plenty of history as to how the Open Houses came to be, the refreshments, entertainment, decorations, guests, and some anecdotes are included.http://www.redlandsfortnightly.org/papers/coffees.htm